Thanh Tam Tran v. Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
(Federal Court) (Civil) (By Leave)
Immigration - Inadmissibility and removal, Permanent residents.
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Immigration — Inadmissibility and removal — Permanent residents — Whether a conditional sentence of imprisonment imposed pursuant the Criminal Code is a “term of imprisonment” under s. 36(1)(a) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act — Whether the phrase “punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years” in s. 36(1)(a) refers to the maximum term of imprisonment available at the time the person was sentenced or the maximum term of imprisonment under the law at the time admissibility is determined — Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, S.C. 2001, c. 27, s. 36(1)(a).
On January 18, 2013, Mr. Tran, a permanent resident in Canada, was convicted for operating a large marihuana grow operation with others and theft of electricity. Under s. 36(1)(a) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, permanent residents are inadmissible to Canada for “serious criminality” if they have been “convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years, or of an offence under an Act of Parliament for which a term of imprisonment of more than six months has been imposed”. The maximum sentence for the marihuana offence was 7 years at the time of the offence but 14 years at the time of Mr. Tran’s conviction. Mr. Tran was given a 12-month conditional sentence order. On October 10, 2013, a delegate of the Minister of Public Safety Canada referred Mr. Tran to the Immigration Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board for an admissibility hearing to determine whether to order his removal from Canada for serious criminality.
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